The effects of participation in the school breakfast program by low income children on academic achievement and rates of absence and tardiness are reported from the Department of Pediatrics, Boston City Hospital, Boston, MA. The results in children grades 3-6 in the Lawrence, Mass, public schools were compared with those children who also qualified but did not participate in the breakfast program. Participation in the program had a significant association with improvement in standardized achievement test scores and the rates of absence and tardiness. 
COMMENT. Further study of this question is indicated, using prospective control designs as well as data regarding protein, fat and carbohydrate content of the meals. Conners has reported beneficial effects on behavior and learning of a sugar load following a protein breakfast whereas adverse effects were noted with sugar alone. (Personal communication).