Investigators at Universities of Chiete and Salerno, Italy, evaluated the neuropsychological profile of children with rolandic epilepsy (RE) at onset and of their healthy siblings. A significant impairment in language, attention, and short- and long-term memory but no impairment in visual-spatial memory was found in both patients and siblings. Verbal comprehension and working memory scores showed a positive correlation in both groups, supporting the hypothesis of a specific neurocognitive phenotype and shared genetic susceptibility in RE. 
COMMENT. Early recognition of the neuropsychological impairments in patients with RE should be useful in addressing educational needs and IEP resources for patients.