The long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of CT-documented cerebral infarction was evaluated in 46 children followed for a mean of 42 months (range, 18-164 months) at the Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital, and University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Outcome was normal in 15 and abnormal in 31, with multiple disabilities in 23, cerebral palsy in 22, and cognitive impairment in 19. Risk factors for long-term disability were neonatal seizures and abnormal neurologic exam at discharge. [1]

COMMENT. The long-term outcome in term neonates with cerebral infarction is normal in one third and abnormal in two thirds. Risk factors for disability are seizures and an abnormal neurologic examination at the time of discharge.