A series of six iron deficient children, 6 to 18 months of age, presenting with an ischemic stroke or venous thrombosis after a viral syndrome, are reported from the University of Saskatchewan, and the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Canada. Other known etiologies for stroke were excluded. Iron deficiency, in association with a nonspecific viral illness, was a contributing factor and not a coincidental finding. 
COMMENT. Iron deficiency anemia in infancy and early childhood can be a contributing factor in the etiology of stroke. Iron deficiency has also been related to other neurological illness, including breath holding spells, headache, pseudotumor, diplopia, and cranial nerve palsies. (see Progress in Pediatric Neurology I, PNB Publ, Chicago, 1991;pp397-398).